- Why and How to Shoot Windows 10 Slow Booting or Running
- ◆ Reason 1: Useless Files Take Up Too Much Memory Space
- ◆ Reason 2: Computer Is Attacked by Malware or Trojan Viruses
- ◆ Reason 3: Recently Installed or Updated Applications Are Problematic
- ◆ Reason 4: Applications Launch Automatically on Startup
- ◆ Reason 5: Disk Fragmentation Occurs While Hard Disk Is Reading and Writing Data
- ◆ Reason 6: Windows System Files Get Damaged
- ◆ Reason 7: Bad Sectors on Hard Disk
- ◆ Reason 8: Game Settings Are Not Compatible with Windows 10 or Computer Configuration
- How to Optimize Windows 10 via Windows Built-in Options
- ◆ 1. Enable Fast Startup on Windows 10
- ◆ 2. Optimize Windows 10 Perfomance by Using ReadyBoost
- ◆ 3. Optimize CPU Usage
- ◆ 4. Reset the PC or Reinstall the Operating System
Why and How to Shoot Windows 10 Slow Booting or Running
Reason 1: Useless Files Take Up Too Much Memory Space
Step 1: Press “Win” + “I” key at the same time to open Windows Settings. Then click “System”.
Step 2: Click “Storage” and select the target drive.
Step 3: Click “Temporary files”. Then select the items that you would like to remove and click “Remove files”. Generally, the items are installation package and cache.
Reason 2: Computer Is Attacked by Malware or Trojan VirusesViruses usually take up memory space. They also run in background and damage system files. It’s necessary to be careful about Trojan virus such as WinstarNssmMiner. It can disguise as commonly used software packages to deceive users. Besides, DarkComet, another Trojan virus, can steal users’ information and confidential files and even launch a DDOS attack. All these Trojan viruses threat the Internet security. Once the computer gets infected with viruses, CPU usage will increase and the PC will get hot and slow.
Step 1: Press “Win” + “I” key at the same time to open Windows Settings. Then click “Update & Security”.
Step 2: Click “Windows Defender” and then click “Open Windows Defender Security Center”.
Step 3: Select “Virus & threat protection”. Then click “Quick scan”.
Reason 3: Recently Installed or Updated Applications Are Problematic
Step 1: Press “Win” + “I” key at the same time to open Windows Settings. Then click “Apps”.
Step 2: Click “Apps & features” in the left side. Select “install date” in “Sort by”. Then choose recently installed applications and click “Uninstall”.
Step 3: Please restart the PC after completing the above steps. Windows 10 performance will be improved.
Reason 4: Applications Launch Automatically on StartupIf lots of applications launch automatically on startup or run in the background, Windows 10 could get slowly.
Step 1: Press “Ctrl + Alt + Delete” key at the same time. Then click “Task Manager”.
Step 2: Click “Startup” tap. Next, you can click the “Status” so that you can quickly find out all enabled applications. Besides, you can also click “Startup impact” column to figure out the apps that are having a high impact to Windows 10 performance.
Step 3: It’s suggested to disable the apps that have been enabled and has high impact to Windows 10 performance. Just right click the target apps and select “Disable”.
Step 4: Please restart the PC after completing the above steps. Windows 10 performance will be improved.
Reason 5: Disk Fragmentation Occurs While Hard Disk Is Reading and Writing DataFiles will be fragmented if data is discontinuously written to the disk. Disk fragmentation will increase the hard drive’s seek time and even will badly impact the system performance.
Step 1: Double click “This PC” on desktop. Then right click “Local Disk (C:)” and select “Properties”.
Step 2: Switch to “Tools” tab and click “Optimize”.
Step 3: In the “Optimize Drives” window, select target drive and click “Optimize”. You can also choose to analyze the drive before optimizing it by clicking “Analyze”.
Reason 6: Windows System Files Get DamagedCorrupted system files may cause the Windows 10 running slow issue and lead to other system problems.
Step 1: In search box, type in: cmd. In best match result, Right-click the “Command Prompt” and select “Run as administrator”.
Step 2: In Command Prompt, type in: sfc /scannow. Press “Enter”.
Step 3: Please restart the PC after the above process completes.
Reason 7: Bad Sectors in Hard DiskBad sectors may occur after the hard disk is used for certern time. In this case, the hard disk can’t read and write data properly and its life span could be reduced. Besides, it may lead to Windows 10 get much slower than before.
Step 1: Download hard disk detection tool - HDD-SCAN. After installing, please scan whole hard disk with this software.
Step 2: Please wait for the scanning process patiently. You can get to know the situation of the hard drive via the “Map”. Once there are bad sectors, it’s suggested to repair them as soon as possible. For more details, please refer to the instruction of repairing bad sectors.
Reason 8: Game Settings Are Not Compatible with Windows 10 or Computer ConfigurationsIf your online 3D games (Like World of Warcraft, PUBG and GTA5) are so slow on Windows 10, it could be caused by the incompatibility of game settings with the system or computer configurations.
Referring to the above reasons and solutions of Windows 10 running slow, you can troubleshoot and fix the problem soon. Generally, it will make Windows 10 faster. If these methods can’t resolve your Windows 10 running slow issue, you can move on to the following methods or guidelines and further optimization.
How to Optimize Windows 10 via Windows Built-in Options
1. Enable Fast Startup on Windows 10Fast startup, a built-in option on Windows 10, combines the sleep and shutdown properties to make Windows 10 boot up efficiently. Generally, Windows 10 closes all apps upon shutdown and all data or files will be reloaded on startup next time. If you enable fast startup, Windows will save the system data or files to hard disk before turning off the PC. When you start the PC next time, Windows will bypass the loading process but directly use the saved files to boot up.
How to speed up Windows 10 via this method? Please follow these steps!
Step 1: Press “Win” + “R” key at the same time to open the “Run” box. Then type in: control. Click “OK”.
Step 2: After you go into “Control Panel”, navigate to “Hardware and Sound”> “Power Options”. Then click “Choose what the power buttons do” and you will go into “System Settings”.
Step 3: In “System Settings” window, click “Change settings that are currently unavailable”.
Step 4: Check the box “Turn on fast startup” and then click “Save changes”.
|Windows Version||Type of Hard Disk||Normal Startup||Fast Startup|
|Windows 10 x64 pro||HDD||42s||21s|
All in all, fast startup is helpful to speed up Windows 10. But the computer’s boot time also depends on the type of hard disk you’re using. Besides, adjusting Windows system settings and improving computer hardware are helpful for optimizing Windows 10 and getting a better system performance.
2. Optimize Windows 10 Perfomance by Using ReadyBoostReadyBoost, also a built-in option in Windows 10. It can store data and files as cache in a USB drive. But please note that ReadyBoost doesn’t work for SSDs.
How to speed up Windows 10 via this method? Please follow these steps!
Step 1: Prepare a USB 2.0 or USB 3.0 flash drive without any data or files. Connect it to the PC.
Step 2: Double click “This PC”. Then right click your USB drive. Select “Properties”.
Step 3: Click “ReadyBoost” tap. Next, it’s suggested to select “Dedicate this device to ReadyBoost”. Or you can choose the option “Use this device” and set the space to reserve for system speed if you need to use this device for other purpose. Finally, click “OK”.
Step 4: If you intend to stop ReadyBoost, please repeat step 1 and 2. Then click “Do not use this device” and click “OK”.
|Windows 10 Performance||Not using ReadyBoost||Using ReadyBoost with USB 2.0 drive||Using ReadyBoost with USB 3.0 drive|
|% Processor Time (CPU usage)||CPU usage may reach up to 100%||CPU usage below 80%||CPU usage below 80%|
|Windows 10 Performance||% Processor Time (CPU usage)|
|Not using ReadyBoost||CPU usage may reach up to 100%|
|Using ReadyBoost with USB 2.0 drive||CPU usage below 80%|
|Using ReadyBoost with USB 3.0 drive||CPU usage below 80%|
3. Optimize CPU UsageSome applications always take up too much CPU, which leads to Windows 10 running slow. You can follow a few steps to optimize CPU usage.
How to speed up Windows 10 via CPU optimization?
Step 1: Press “Win” + “R” key at the same time to open “Run” box.
Step 2: Type in: services.msc. Click “OK”.
Step 3: Right click “Connected User Experiences and Telemetry” and select “stop”.
4. Reset the PC or Reinstall the Operating SystemIf the above methods can’t make your Windows 10 faster, you can choose to reset the PC or reinstall the operating system. Generally, resetting the PC is able to optimize Windows 10 performance. It’s suggested to reset the PC at first. If it still doesn’t work, then you can choose to reinstall system. Besides, to prevent data loss, it’s suggested to backup or transfer important data before you reset the PC or reinstall system.
It is recommended to use the professional system rescue tool – Renee PassNow. Actually there’re many system rescue software on the Internet. Why is Renee PassNow especially helpful? Renee PassNow, an essential tool for home and office, can not only help you transfer important data, but also provides functions of password reset, data recovery, HDD scan, drive eraser, Windows recovery, etc. All these functions can be run without Windows. For more details about data transfer, please read the page about how to transfer files or data with Renee PassNow.
After transferring data successfully, you can refer to the steps below to reset the PC.
Step 1: Start the PC and get to the desktop in Windows 10. Next, press “Win” + “I” key to open “Windows Settings”. Then click “Update & Security”.
Step 2: When a window pops up, click “Recovery” in the left pane. Then click “Get started” button under “Reset this PC”.
Step 3: It’s suggested to select “Remove everything” if you have already transferred all important data in advance. It will be helpful to clean the PC thoroughly. You can also select “keep my files” depending on your needs. It’s completely optional.
Step 4: If your PC has more than one drive, Windows will ask whether you want to remove all files from all drives. Just select “Only the drive where Windows is installed” or “All drives”.
Step 5: Select “Just remove my files” or “Remove files and clean the drive”. If you already transfer important data or files in advance, it’s suggested to select the second option so that the PC will be cleaned more effectively.
Step 6: Finally, click “Reset”. The resetting process will start.
Resetting the PC will greatly speed up Windows 10 and optimize system performance. If this way can’t solve your Windows 10 running slow problem, then you may try to reinstall the system.
How to Optimize Windows 10 via Computer Hardware upgrade
1. Replace HDD with SSDComputers are upgraded quickly and some users are fond of better hardware for computer’s performance. Then HDD gradually falls behind. As for HDD, it has IDE and SATA interface. And the data transfer speed of SATA interface is quicker than that of IDE interface. But in general, HDD is very slow.
|Hard Disk Interface||Data Transfer Speed|
About SSD Drive
SSD, a tiny disk with the advantages of low-power dissipation and slient, has a much better transmission speed than HDD. Now SSD commonly use two protocols (AHCI and NVMe) and two interfaces (SATA and M.2). SATA interface only supports AHCI protocol, but M.2 interface is compatible with two types of protocols. Moreover, the motherboard provides SATA and PCI-e connector. SATA interface can only go through SATA connector, but M.2 interface can pass through both of them. Please note that data transfer speed will depend on the type of protocol that interface provides.
|Hard Disk Interface||Connector||Protocol||Data Transfer Speed|
If you intend to replace HDD with SSD, it’s suggested to use the system migration software – Renee Becca. It just takes three steps to migrate Windows 10 from HDD to SSD with automatic 4K aligned. For more details, please read the page about the instructions of installing SSD and using Renee Becca.
How to migrate Windows 10 to SSD?
Firstly, connect your SSD to computer via hard disk enclosure. Then download and install Renee Becca.
Step 1: Launch Renee Becca and click “System Migration” in “Clone” function.
Step 2: Select the new SSD you prepared for the migration in “Destination”.
Step 3: After the migration finishes, you can start the PC from the new SSD.
2. Upgrade Graphics CardGraphics card, one of the essential computer hardware, generates images and cooperates with CPU. It aims to display fine screen and render effect.
How to select a graphics card?
You can choose a graphics card according to your needs.
Option #1: A graphic card for gaming. If you often play 3D online games such as World of Warcraft, PUBG and GTA5, you can choose GTX1050ti or GTX1060 6G that can support most computer games. Besides, you may use GTX1070Ti if you want to have a better experience.
Option #2: A graphics card for office and home. Generally, integrated graphics card is good enough such as Intel UHD Graphics 630.
Option #3: A graphic card for graphic design. It’s suggested to use Nvidia Quadro and ATI FireGL series. Using professional graphic card, designer will see the figure and modeling in different light.
3. Upgrade CPUCPU carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic and logic. If CPU leads to the Windows running slow problem, you may choose to upgrade it to speed up Windows 10.
How to select a CPU?
Now most CPUs that users are using are AMD and Intel. When we intend to buy a new CPU, we can’t directly evaluate the performance by the core i3, i5 or i7. For example, the speed of i5-8250U is faster than i5-6200U. Both of them are core i5, but the performance is different. It would be better if you focus on the number (8250U, 6200U), especially the first digit. In this example, “8” stands for the 8th generation and “6” means the 6th generation. In general, it’s recommended to choose the latest generation. And it’s necessary to learn more about what the model number means before you buy a CPU.
4. Upgrade Computer MemoryComputer memory, a communication bridge allowing all computer programs to run via it, has an important impact on the PC.
How much RAM does your Windows 10 really need?
As for home and office use, 2GB hardly supports Windows 10 running even though you just check emails, browse the Internet, play simple games or use office software. In fact, 4GB is basically enough and 8GB is also a good choice if the PC is for a long-term use.
System memory defines how fast the Windows 10 will be. For example, if we edit a 17 minute video with video editor via 4GB, 8GB and 16GB RAM, the time consuming of whole edit process will be different (12GB total usage). There’s little difference between 8GB and 16GB RAM, but they are faster than 4GB RAM.
|Total Amount of Memory||Processing Time|
If you often play massive computer games, 8GB is basically enough for them. A test shows that there’s little difference between 8GB and 16GB and they are better than 4GB while running GTA5 on Windows 10. However, you may run other programs except games. Then you may consider upgrading the computer memory if it is not enough for now.
In general, 8GB is an appropriate choice. If you find that the total amount of in-use memory is so high and reaches up to 80%, you may need to optimize memory usage or choose to upgrade the memory.
Tips: How to check in-use memory?
Step 1: Press “Ctrl + Alt + Delete” key at the same time and then select “Task Manager”.
Step 2: In the Task Manager window, click “Performance” tab and then select “Memory”. You will see the total amount of memory and in-use memory.
Tips: Please move on to following steps if you want to optimize system memory usage.
Step 1: Press “Win” + “R” key at the same time to open “Run” box. Then type in: control. Click “OK”.
Step 2: After you go into “Control Panel”, please select “System and Security”> “System”> “Advanced system settings”.
Step 3: In the “System Properties” window, click “Settings” under “Performance”.
Step 4: When “Performance Options” window pops up, click “Advanced”. Select “Programs” and click “Change”.
Step 5: In the “Virtual Memory” window, uncheck the box “Automatically manage paging file size for all drives” Then select target drive and customize the size. Finally, click “OK”.
If memory usage optimization doesn’t work, you may consider upgrading the memory. But you need to see whether the memory you’re going to buy is compatible with your CPU. In addition, it’s suggested to set up dual-channel memory that can double the computer performance and speed up Windows 10.
Chart below is the performance comparison between single channel and dual-channel memory. (Tests were run on the same device)
|System Memory Mode / Data Transfer Speed||Read||Write||Copy|
|Kingston 8G-2133 Single channel||15957 MB/s||15554 MB/s||15295 MB/s|
|Kingston 4G-2133 X2 Dual channel||30729 MB/s||31202 MB/s||27107 MB/s|
What is dual-channel memory? How to set it up?
Dual-channel memory means that a pair of same size/speed memory that are installed in the slot of matching bank for data transfer, which can double computer performance and improve data transmission efficiency between system memory and CPU.
Generally, now the motherboard basically supports dual-channel memory mode. Some of them have four banks with two kinds of channel called A and B. As the picture shows below, from the left to right we can call them A1, A2, B1, B2 respectively. But some motherboards only have two banks. They are also channel A and B, which can be marked as A1 and A2.
If you intend to set up dual-channel memory, you will need a pair of same size memory so that they will authentically speed up Windows 10. For example, you have a pair of 4GB memory for the motherboard with four memory slots. You need to install the memory in A1 and B1 slot respectively. If there are only two memory slots, just directly install the memory.
Besides, you can also use a pair of 4GB memory and one 8GB memory to set up dual-channel memory mode. But they need to be completed on the motherboard with four memory slots. Just follow a few steps: firstly, install a pair of 4GB memory into A1 and A2 slot respectively. Then install the 8GB memory into B1 slot. Finally, the dual-channel memory mode is enabled.
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