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This article provides a comprehensive guide on how to initiate a factory reset on an HP desktop without the need for a password. Learn various methods such as using the Windows Recovery Environment, accessing the HP Recovery Manager, leveraging password removal utilities, and utilizing system restore points. With this guide, you can easily perform a fresh start on your HP desktop without worrying about forgetting or not having a password.

Are you having trouble accessing your HP desktop due to a forgotten password? Or do you simply want to start fresh and wipe all your personal data off the device? Whatever the reason may be, a factory reset is a quick and effective solution. However, performing a factory reset on an HP desktop typically requires a password for security purposes. But worry not, there is a way to bypass this step and still initiate the reset. In this article, we will guide you through the process of factory resetting your HP desktop without the need for a password. Keep reading to find out how to utilize the built-in Windows Recovery Environment to perform a factory reset in just a few simple steps.

Method 1: Renee PassNow Utility for Password Removal before Factory Reset

If you have forgotten your HP desktop password and cannot access any admin account to reset it, there is still a way to perform a factory reset without a password. This method involves using a third-party tool called Renee PassNow, which can help you remove the password and then initiate a reset process.
Tips:If your account is Microsoft Account, Renee PassNow will convert this account to Local account. After resetting login password, you need to connect your account to your Microsoft Account again.
To reset your Windows password using Renee PassNow, follow these steps:
Step 1: Download and Install Renee PassNow
Start by downloading Renee PassNow from the official website and install it on a different computer that you can access. You can choose the appropriate version based on your computer’s operating system.
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Step 2: Create a Bootable USB or CD/DVD
Launch Renee PassNow and insert a USB flash drive or blank CD/DVD into the computer. Select the option to create a bootable media. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the process.
Create New Windows 10 Password Reset Disk with Renee PassNow
Step 3: Boot the Locked Server from the Bootable Media
Insert the bootable USB or CD/DVD into the locked Windows computer. Restart the computer and enter the BIOS settings by pressing the appropriate key (usually F2 or Delete). Configure the boot order to prioritize the bootable media.
Common Server:
Server TypeEnter boot menu method
DELLPress the F12 key repeatedly before the Dell logo appears on the screen.
HPPress the F9 key multiple times when the HP logo is displayed.
Common Computers:
BIOS NameEnter boot menu method
ASRockDEL or F2
ASUSDEL or F2 for PCs/ DEL or F2 for Motherboards
AcerDEL or F2
DellF12 or F2
Gigabyte / AorusDEL or F2
Lenovo (Consumer Laptops)F2 or Fn + F2
Lenovo (Desktops)F1
Lenovo (ThinkPads)Enter then F1
Microsoft Surface TabletsPress and hold Power and Volume Up buttons
Origin PCF2
HPEsc/ F9 for `Boot Menu`/ Esc/ F10/ Storage tab/ Boot Order/ Legacy Boot Sources
how to factory reset hp desktop without password
Step 4: Select password reset function
After successfully booting from the bootable media, Renee PassNow will load. Select “PassNow!” function after booting from the new created Windows password reset disk.
After loading into main interface, please select the “PassNow!” function.
Step 5: Resetting the Password
Choose the user account for which you want to reset the password. Then, click on the “Clear Password” button. Renee PassNow will remove or reset the password for the selected user account.
Select target Windows system in the list
Select target user account in the list
Step 6: Reboot the HP Desktop
After removing the password, you can now log into your HP desktop without a password. From there, you can go back to the Windows Recovery Environment and proceed with the factory reset.
Using the Renee PassNow utility can be a convenient way to remove a forgotten password before performing a factory reset. However, it is important to note that this method may not work for every computer and may also remove any custom settings or configurations you had on your HP desktop.
In conclusion, if you are unable to access an admin account for your HP desktop, you can still perform a factory reset using the Renee PassNow utility. However, if you have access to an admin account, it is recommended to use Method 2 for a more comprehensive restoration process through the HP Recovery Manager.

Method 2: Utilizing Ophcrack to Get Back Password for a Factory Reset

Step 1: Download and Install Ophcrack
To use Ophcrack, you will first need to download and install it on another computer with internet access. Once installed, create a bootable USB or CD/DVD using Ophcrack to run it on your locked Windows 10 desktop.
Step 2: Choose and download the Correct Tables
Ophcrack requires rainbow tables to crack passwords. These tables contain precomputed hashes for a wide range of possible passwords. Select the appropriate tables according to the Windows version you are using. In this case, select the tables for Windows XP.
Ophcrack Rainbow table
Step 3: Launch Ophcrack
Once you have prepared the bootable device, insert it into the ASUS laptop and restart the computer. As the laptop boots up, you will need to access the boot menu, which can typically be done by pressing a designated key (e.g., F2, F8, or F12) during the startup process. Select the bootable device from the menu, and the Ophcrack software will begin to load.

Launch Ophcrack

Step 4: Begin the Password Recovery Process
Once you have selected the correct tables, click on the “Load” button to load them into Ophcrack. Then, click on the “Crack” button to start the password recovery process. Ophcrack will begin analyzing the hashes and attempting to crack the password
Ophcrack Account List
The Advantages and Disadvantages
The advantage of using Ophcrack to reset your HP laptop password is that it is a free and open-source program. However, it may not work for all user accounts, and the cracking process may take a significant amount of time.
What to Pay Attention to
Make sure to download Ophcrack from its official website to avoid any malicious software. Additionally, this method may not work for all HP laptop models, so it is advisable to use it as a last resort.
Using Ophcrack is a viable option to reset your HP laptop password without any technical knowledge. However, it may not work for all accounts, and the password cracking process may take some time. If this method does not work for you, you can proceed to the next chapter about “Method 5: Using system restore points to revert to previous settings without a password.”

Method 3: Using System Restore Points to Revert to Previous Settings Without a Password

In situations where you cannot sign into your account normally, there is still hope for resetting your HP desktop without a password. One alternative method is to use a Windows installation disk. For Windows 10 laptops, the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool can be used to create an installation disk on another computer. This method involves utilizing system restore points to revert your system back to a previous state without a password, essentially allowing you to bypass the password requirement.
Step 1: Boot from the Installation Disk and Access Windows Setup
To begin, insert the installation disk into your HP desktop and restart the computer. When the initial HP logo appears on the screen, press the appropriate key (usually F9, F10, or F12) to enter the boot menu. From the boot menu, set the installation disk as the primary boot device and press Enter. Once the Windows Setup window appears, select your preferred language, time and currency format, and keyboard or input method. Then, click the “Next” button to continue.
Step 2: Access the Command Console
Next, click on the “Repair your computer” option in the bottom left corner of the Windows Setup window. This will bring up the System Recovery Options window. In this window, select the “Troubleshoot” option, followed by “Advanced options.” Then, click on “Command Prompt” to open the command console.
Step 3: Locate the Drive with Your Windows Installation
In the command console, you will need to locate the drive where your Windows is installed. Type


(replace with the drive letter of your Windows installation drive) and press Enter.
Step 4: Check the List of Restore Points
Once you have accessed the command console, type


and press Enter. This will bring up the System Restore utility. In this window, click on “Next” to see the list of available restore points.
Step 5: Select and Restore to a Previous Point
Select the most recent restore point from the list and click “Next” to continue. Confirm the restore point selection and then click “Finish” to begin the restoration process. Your computer will restart and begin the restoration process, which may take several minutes to complete.
Step 6: Log in and Reset Password
When the process is finished, your HP desktop will restart and be restored to its previous state. You should now be able to log into your device without a password. If you still wish to change the password for your account, you can use the command prompt to do so. After logging in, click on the Ease of Access button in the bottom left corner of the screen to open another command console. Then, type

net user "username" "new_password"

and press Enter. Replace “username” with the locked account username and “new_password” with the desired new password. Press Enter to reset the password.
Using system restore points to revert to previous settings without a password can be a useful method for resetting your HP desktop. It is a relatively simple process that involves booting from a Windows installation disk and accessing the command console to restore your system to a previous state. This method also allows you to reset the password for a locked account, if needed. However, a potential disadvantage is that you will lose any data or changes made since the selected restore point.
If you have forgotten your HP desktop password and need to reset it, be sure to explore all of the available options. In addition, it is always important to regularly back up your important data to avoid potential loss or complications in the future. For more advice on post-reset setup and the importance of data backup, please refer to the subsequent chapters.

Error may occured when resetting HP Laptop

Error: ‘Additional free space is needed on the drive where Windows is installed. Free up some space and try again’
additional free space is needed on the drive where Windows is installed. Free up some space and try again
If you’re trying to reset your Windows and you’re seeing an error message that says “additional free space is needed on the drive where Windows is installed”, it means your system drive doesn’t have enough space for the reset process. Here are some steps you can take to free up space:
Use the Windows Disk Cleanup tool: This tool can help you delete temporary files, system files, and other unnecessary files. You can access it by typing “disk cleanup” in the search box on the taskbar and selecting Disk Cleanup from the list of results.
Windows Disk Cleanup tool

Concluding Advice: Post-Reset Setup and Importance of Data Backup for Your HP Desktop

Resetting your HP desktop without a password can be a daunting task, but by following the right steps, you can easily restore your device to its factory settings. However, it is crucial to keep in mind that post-reset setup and data backup are essential for a smooth and hassle-free process. In this concluding chapter, we will discuss the importance of these steps and provide some tips to ensure a successful reset of your HP desktop.
The Key to a Smooth Post-Reset Setup
After performing a factory reset on your HP desktop, it is essential to properly set it up again. This includes configuring your language, date and time settings, creating a new user account, and installing any necessary drivers or updates. It is crucial to take your time and carefully follow the prompts provided, as any mistakes can lead to a less than satisfactory experience with your device. Additionally, make sure to have a stable internet connection to prevent any problems during setup that may require additional troubleshooting.
The Importance of Data Backup
Before resetting your HP desktop, it is crucial to backup all of your important files and data. This includes documents, photos, videos, and any other personal data that you cannot afford to lose. By doing so, you can avoid potential data loss during the reset process. There are various ways to backup your data, including using an external storage device, cloud storage services, or built-in backup tools on your HP desktop. It is recommended to use multiple methods to ensure that your data is secure and easily accessible after the reset.
To ensure a smooth and successful reset, make sure to follow the post-reset setup prompts carefully and have a stable internet connection. Additionally, backing up your data is crucial to avoid any potential loss and make the transition to your newly reset device seamless. As mentioned, regularly updating your system restore points and creating recovery media can also be helpful in case anything goes wrong during the reset process. With these tips in mind, you can confidently factory reset your HP desktop without a password and get your device back to working like new.


In conclusion, resetting a HP desktop without a password may seem like a daunting task, but with the methods outlined in this guide, it can be done easily and efficiently. From utilizing the built-in Windows Recovery Environment to accessing the HP Recovery Manager and using external tools like Renee PassNow and Ophcrack, there are multiple options for removing the password and initiating a factory reset. It is important to note that a factory reset will erase all data on the computer, so it is crucial to backup important files beforehand. Also, considering using system restore points in case a password is forgotten in the future. With these tips and tricks, you can confidently navigate a password-less HP desktop reset and start fresh with a clean and optimized system. Remember to follow post-reset setup advice for a smooth experience with your newly reset HP desktop.