What Is CHKDSK?
Syntax: chkdsk [Volume] [Path] [/f] [/v] [/r] [/x] [/i] [/c] [/l:Size] [/b] [/perf ] [/scan ] [/?]
|Volume||Refers to drive letter or volume name.|
|Path||Specifies the location and name of a file or set of files that you want CHKDSK to check.|
|/f||Fixes errors on the disk. The disk must be locked.|
|/v||Displays each file in every directory when the disk is checked.|
|/r||Finds bad sectors and restores readable information.|
|/x||NTFS only. Forces the volume to dismount first. All open handles to the drive are invalid. /x also includes the functionality of /f.|
|/i||NTFS only. Performs a less vigorous check of index entries in order to reduce the amount of time for running CHKDSK.|
|/c||NTFS only. Skip the check cycles in the folder structure in order to reduce the amount of time for running CHKDSK.|
|/l:Size||NTFS only. Changes the size of log file. The size of current log file will be displayed if you just process command /l.|
|/b||NTFS only. Clears bad clusters on the volume and rescans all allocated and free clusters for errors. /b includes the function of /r.|
|/?||Displays help in the command prompt.|
|/scan||Scans the specified partition online.|
|/spotfix||Runs spot fixing on the volume.|
The Ways of Running CHKDSK
Solution 1: Enable CHKDSK from “My Computer”
Solution 2: Run CHKDSK via Command Prompt
- For Windows 8 user, press “Win” + “R” key to open Charm bar. In search box, type in: Command Prompt. Then right click it and select “Run as Administrator”.
- For Windows 7 user, in the “Search program and files” box, type in: cmd. Then right click “Command Prompt” and select “Run as Administrator”.
Examples of Running CHKDSK
Case 1: Blue Screen of Death and Error Code 0×00000024 / 0xc000014C
Case 2: Files on the External Hard Disk are Damaged and Unreadable
Note：H: refers to the drive letter of removable storage device. Please type in a correct drive letter of your external hard disk or USB drive.
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